The best part of visiting other countries is discovering ancient civilizations and history through architecture and artefacts. As flights to Italy become more affordable, a sense of adventure grows, and more tourists want to know the best historical sites to see in Italy.
The Colosseum (Amphitheatrum Caesareum), located in the heart of Rome, was built by Flavian Emperors Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian in 71 through 80 AD, on the site that once was a man-made lake at the residence of Emperor Nero (37 to 68 AD). The Colosseum was opened in 80 AD and the dedication ceremonies consisted of 100 days of exhibition gladiatorial games. The Colosseum was used for over four and a half centuries for games and events. It survived several earthquakes and fire caused by a lightning strike to the upper floors. Generations made additions and changes to this amazing elliptical amphitheatre rich in Roman history. Imagine sitting in a seat at the Colosseum once occupied by ancient Roman and marvelling at the ancient arches, the Colossus statue of Emperor Nero, and the man-made construction that has lasted for centuries.
The Valley of the Temples
The Valley of the Temples is located in the city of Agrigento, Sicily and is an amazing archaeological site of ancient Doric temples dating back the 5th century B.C. Each temple housed a statue of a God and each temple was built to face east so the morning sun would illuminate each statue. The temples were dedicated to the God of Fire, The Goddess of the grain and harvest, the Greek God of medicine, and several others. The Temple of Concorde, built in 430 B.C. is the best preserved of all the temples. Visitors can join a guided tour of the Valley of Temples to view each Greek style temple, surrounded by the natural beauty of the Tyrrhenian Sea, to see ancient cultures come to life within the ruins.
The Trevi Fountain
Located in the centre of Rome at Trevi Square, the Trevi Fountain is a historic masterpiece of sculpture and art. The water that flows through the Trevi Fountain comes from an ancient aqueduct, built in 19 B.C., that supplies water from the Salone Springs. Since 1762, Neptune, the God of the Sea, riding in a sea shell shaped chariot, pulled by two seahorses, one calm and one aggressive representing the push and pull of the sea, has charmed visitors and tourists alike at Trevi Square. Legend says, if a visitor turns away from the fountain to toss a coin over their shoulder into the fountain water, they are destined to return to Rome someday. The Trevi Fountain is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Rome and is featured in every travel guide to Italy.
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