Piazza San Pietro

Located in front of St. Peter’s Basilica belonging to the Vatican City is the Piazza San Pietro or the Saint Peter’s Square. The Piazza San Pietro is an architectural masterpiece of Bernini, as the open space that was lying before the basilica got redesigned during the period extending from 1656 to 1667. 

The elliptical area here got encircled by two majestic semi circles, where four files pertaining to Doric columns made each of these semi circles, as it got crowned with about 140 saints’ statues that rose towards heaven.

This striking square along with the imposing colonnade leads to St. Peter’s Basilica, the greatest of the Christian world. At the heart of this Piazza San Pietro, an Egyptian obelisk stands out as this was brought by Emperor Caligola to Rome in 37 B.C. Two huge fountains can be spotted on each of the sides related to this obelisk as they date back to the seventeenth century.

The colonnade found at the Piazza San Pietro unveils 88 pillars and 284 columns in a quadruple row, which happens to be an impressive work of art.

The fist architect to have started work on the basilica happened to be Maderno, which was later taken over by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.