Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls
The Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls is one among the four major basilicas of ancient origin found in Rome. It was founded over the burial place related to Saint Paul by Roman Emperor Constantine I. It was built during the fourth century and the present structure is a rebuilt replica after the church got damaged due to fire in 1823. Since it was located three miles outside that of the Rome walls during the earlier period, the phrase ‘Outside the walls’ came into being along with the church’s name.
The site in honoring the great Apostle with a shrine paved way for a church, where a larger basilica was reconstructed to replace the original, which got done by Emperor Theodosius during the year 386. The thirteenth century apse mosaic is the prime remnant of the medieval basilica that was created by Venetian artists. It is about the Christ getting flanked by Apostle Paul, Peter, Luke and Andrew. The twelfth century candelabra found at Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls is an important artwork done by Vassalletto, whose work also paved way for the remarkable cloisters that contain twisted pairs pertaining to columns that enclose a rose garden.
The baldachino of Arnolf di Cambio here that dates back to 1285 is also one the medieval treasure that escaped the fire. The cloisters at Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls were built during the period that extended from 1208 to 1235. Also, the chapel of relics here has numerous relics, and the remarkable one happens to be the set of chains that is believed to be that of the prison chains of St. Paul.