Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore is a Roman Catholic Marian basilica of ancient origin found in Rome. Archaeological evidences indicate the probability of church being built during the early stages of the fifth century as it was completed during the period of Pope Sixtus (432-440). Also, this church underwent a complete restoration and renovation process during the eighteenth century, as most of the interior decorations and the façade date from this period.
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore stands on the site pertaining to a temple of that of goddess Cybele. Apart from the most part of the exterior portion that date back to the eighteenth century, the interior preserves the Early Christian form, as it embraces a wide and a tall nave along with that of the side aisles as well as round apse spotted at the end. On either side related to the nave, one can find the fifth century mosaics that portray scenes from the Old Testament. There are some panels that have got replaced during the sixteenth century.
The golden mosaics pertaining to the triumphal arch of Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore belong to the fifth century as it portrays scenes related to the early life of Christ. The Athenian marble columns that support the nave are the oldest parts related to this church, and the high altar here is the papal altar. The Sistine Chapel can be spotted at the right transept as it contains the tomb pertaining to Pope Sixtus V.